How to do the right CPR in case we encounter an emergency 

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How to do the right CPR in case we encounter an emergency 

How to do proper CPR to save lives

Let’s see how to do the right CPR in case at We encounter an emergency situation. have the opportunity to save human beings together All life will be safe

          CPR is a basic first aid method that saves the lives of many victims. Therefore, the correct CPR procedure should be some knowledge that should be with all of us. Because accidents can happen anywhere, anytime. And there may be situations in which we have to see a person who suffers a blackout. cardiac arrest, such as drowning, electric shock, inhalation of toxic gases, toxic fumes, shock due to loss of blood Or those who suffer from cardiac arrest for a while from other causes, so if we have the opportunity and knowledge enough to save the lives of our fellow human beings or even those close to us. 

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Or simply called CPR, is first aid to help people who have stopped breathing or have stopped beating to return to breathing. And there is a flow of oxygen and blood back to its original state. Along with preventing the tissue from being harm by a permanent lack of oxygen. Basic life support can given to the victim through chest compressions and artificial respiration.

Sudden cardiac arrest is the leading cause of death. This may cause by having heart disease, exercising too much, sudden shock or regret, from massive blood loss, unable to supply blood to the heart, obstructed airways. It may also cause by an overdose or drug allergy.

          Therefore, it is stipulated “Chain of Survival” as a principle to help resuscitate the same way around the world and is a common agreement in practice, consisting of

          1. Evaluation of the patient to see if he is conscious or not. If he is unconscious, he cannot find his pulse. Immediately call for help or call for emergency medical services from various agencies, such as the Erawan Center (only in the Bangkok area), Tel. 1646, National Institute of Emergency Medicine, Tel. 1669 (Nationwide)
          2. Accurate and timely (CPR)
          3. Defibrillation (AED) within 3-5 minutes when indicated
          4. Effective advanced life support
          5. Post-resuscitation care

For the injured person who should be helped urgently with CPR can be observed as follows.

          1. Unconscious, unconscious
          2. No breathing or gasping
          3. Heart stops beating 

Basic Life Support (BLS) 

Basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines consist of 3 main steps. Initially, the sequence of ABC (Airway-Breathing-Circulation) was recommended, but has now been changed to CAB (Chest compression-Airway-). Breathing) because first pressing the chest will cause blood to feed important organs such as the heart and brain.

          30 chest compressions (C) >> open airway (A) >> 2 rescue breaths (B) = 30 : 2

          CPR will be continued until the rescuer arrives. or until the patient regained consciousness

Let’s take a look at how to do each step.

          C : Chest compression is to press the chest. The heart pump allows the injured person to regain blood flow in the body. The principle of pumping the heart is to press the chest bone (Sternum) down to close to the spine. This causes the heart between the two bones to be compressed as well. Causing the blood to be squeezed out of the heart to raise the body virtual contraction of the heart which has the steps to pump the heart as follows

 1. Have the injured person lie down on a hard surface or use a plank on the back of the injured person. The first aid worker kneels on the right or left side of the injured person’s chest. Feel for the bottom of the sternum where it connects to the ribs. by using fingers to touch the ribs up (If kneeling on the right side, use the right hand to feel for the sternum. but if kneeling on the left side, use the left hand to feel)

 2. Place the index and middle fingers where the ribs meet the lowest sternum. Place the ridge of your other hand on the spot next to your index and middle fingers. The position of the ridge of the hand that rests on the sternum will be the correct position to continue pumping the heart.